For more information, contact U.S. Battery Manufacturing, 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit https://www.usbattery.com.
U.S. Battery Manufacturing created a new video that showcases the manufacturing process of the company’s line of flooded lead-acid batteries. From raw led alloy to a finished product that has the highest initial capacity than any other battery on the market, the video follows the complete manufacturing process, testing procedures, and understanding the company’s exclusive XC2™ formulation.
For additional information on U.S. Battery products that are all manufactured in the U.S.A. contact U.S. Battery Manufacturing, 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit https://www.usbattery.com
Golf courses and businesses that incorporate a fleet of golf cars know that extending the service life of the deep-cycle batteries powering their fleet can significantly lower annual operating costs. But the simple process of regularly recharging batteries with a charger using a constant voltage or a fixed charge algorithm, often leads to a condition called electrolyte stratification. Stratification occurs during discharge and recharge when the acid in the electrolyte fails to mix with the water and settles to the bottom of the battery case. Over time, the concentrated acid at the bottom of the cell can damage the battery plates and significantly reduce the service life of the battery.
|View of a severely stratified plate.|
To reduce stratification and possibly recover a low-performing battery, you can add an equalization charge at the end of the normal charging process. An equalization charge is simply adding a higher-voltage, extended charge at the end of the normal charging process. Charging the battery at a higher voltage level promotes gassing (bubbling) of the electrolyte. The bubbling “re-mixes” the acid and water and prevents stratification from occurring.
The Equalizing Process
The method used to properly equalize batteries is as easy as using a high-quality battery charger that features an automatic equalizing mode or has the capability to extend or restart the charging process as needed. Because the process causes the electrolyte to gas, make sure you perform it in a well ventilated area and wear personal protective equipment including safety glasses and gloves. Follow these procedures to properly equalize your batteries.
1. Make sure the battery is a flooded Lead-Acid type.
2. All electrical loads to the battery must be removed.
3. Connect your charger and charge the batteries until the normal charge
cycle is completed.
a.) If the charger is equipped with an automatic equalizing mode, make sure the charger is
connected and powered up long enough to complete the equalization.
b.) If the charger is not equipped with an automatic equalization mode, assure the charger
completes a full, automatic charge and then restart the charger by disconnecting AC
power and reconnecting. The charger should restart and extend the charge time by 1-3
4. Correct equalizing will cause gassing and bubbling of the electrolyte.
5. Take specific gravity readings every hour.
6. You will know that the equalization process is complete when the specific gravity values no
longer increase during the gassing stage. If the charger terminates the charge automatically
before the hourly specific gravity readings are constant, restart the charger and continue the
process until specific gravity readings are constant.
7. Make sure to replace any water lost during the process.
Equalizing is just one of several procedures you should be adding to your maintenance schedule every time you service the batteries. This regular service, including watering, should be performed at least once a month, or more frequently during periods of heavy use. For more information, contact U.S. Battery Manufacturing, 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit www.usbattery.com.
There’s been some talk recently about the use of carbon additives to reduce the effects of sulfation in renewable energy batteries. Sulfation can occur when batteries are operated in a partial state of charge (PSOC) application, common when batteries are charged with solar cells, wind turbines and other unpredictable power sources. Even though these systems regularly recharge the batteries, they don’t always provide a sufficient level of overcharge. The effect of continual undercharge can, over time, cause “hard sulfate” crystals to form on both the positive and negative battery plates. These crystals can reduce the capacity of the battery and make it even more difficult to fully charge, resulting in short battery life.
Sulfation related to PSOC applications is a phenomenon that was first observed in electric vehicle and hybrid electric vehicle applications using sealed valve regulated lead acid batteries (VRLA). When AGM (or GEL) VRLA batteries are used in PSOC applications, the recombination process occurring at the negative plate disproportionately discharges the negatives in relation to the positives and creates an imbalance in their relative states of charge. Normally this imbalance is corrected by providing enough overcharge during normal charge, and/or providing an equalization charge, to bring them back into balance. In PSOC applications, the batteries are not overcharged or equalized enough to re-balance the state of charge, and the negative plates become severely sulfated.
Several battery research groups have found that by using various new types of carbon in the negative plates of VRLA batteries, the sulfation issue could be addressed. “These new carbons are often referred to as smart carbon, hyper carbon, ultra carbon, graphene or nano-carbon,” says Fred Wehmeyer, Senior VP Engineering at U.S. Battery Manufacturing. “But they may or may not be composed of carbon nano-tubes that are still too expensive for large scale applications.”
The significance of this is that negative plate sulfation is a phenomenon that applies specifically to VRLA (AGM & GEL) batteries. Smart carbon technologies intended to address negative plate sulfation in VRLA batteries do nothing to address sulfation of the positive plates in a flooded deep cycle battery, which is the primary issue when these batteries are undercharged or used in PSOC applications.
U.S. Battery has developed a different approach to address sulfation using the company’s exclusive Outside Positive (OSP™) plate battery design. The OSP™ plate construction is designed to balance the capacity of the positive plates versus the negative plates.
This balanced active material ratio allows the positive and negative plates to reach full charge at the same time, thus preventing sulfation of one plate versus the other. Most batteries with conventional OSN (outside negative) plate construction end up with an excess of negative active material. Adding “Smart Carbon” to the negatives does not address this active material imbalance problem. Balancing the active materials with OSP™ addresses the disparate sulfation problem in addition to the other benefits.
“The battery industry is continually looking for ways to improve the current technology. Sometimes the latest and greatest idea isn’t always the best for every application,” says Don Wallace CMO Executive Vice President at U.S. Battery Manufacturing. “At the end of the day, you often find that new versions of old ideas are the most productive. Either way involves exhaustive testing to prove or disprove, and in the end, it will ultimately be the customer who makes the determination. It is our job to do the background work necessary to provide customers with the necessary data and quantifiable analysis so that they can make the most educated buying decision. This recent news about carbon has been touted as something that can drastically improve the overall performance of the flooded lead acid battery. But the facts should be completely understood before buying flooded batteries with a carbon additive when sold as a value added feature.”
For additional information on U.S. Battery’s OSP™ battery design for Renewable Energy applications, visit www.usbattery.com.
U.S. Battery Manufacturing has added its exclusive XC2™ formulation to the company’s US 24DCXC2, US 27DCXC2, and US 31DCXC2 12-volt heavy-duty batteries. Most commonly used in lift and access, floor machines, RV, and Marine applications, the XC2™ formulation provides a higher initial capacity and higher total energy delivery over the life of the battery. “Most deep-cycle batteries for these applications are designed for light-duty cycling in Marine and RV applications, and not for industrial use,” says Don Wallace, U.S. Battery CMO/Executive Vice President.
When continually cycled down to 1.75 vpc. U.S. Battery’s 12-volt “DC” (deep-cycle) battery lasts more than 500 cycles, as compared to only 160 cycles on the highest-rated deep-cycle Marine battery currently available. “We designed a true deep-cycle product made for heavy cycling, providing optimum performance in industrial applications. Now that we’ve added XC2™, the result is an even longer lasting, higher performing battery, that when properly maintained, can save money and operate longer on a full-charge.”
U.S. Battery’s US 24DCXC2, US 27DCXC2, and US 31DCXC2 12-volt heavy-duty batteries also feature extra heavy-duty connector lugs, a tough polypropylene exterior case and large carrying handles. In recent independent testing, U.S. Battery products consistently outperformed competitor’s products in initial capacity, faster cycle-up to rated capacity, exceeding rated capacity, and total energy delivered over a longer life-cycle. “Third-party testing conducted without our knowledge, demonstrated that U.S. Battery products with XC2™ formulation outperformed our leading competitor in all these categories,” says Wallace.
U.S. Battery manufactures a variety of deep-cycle batteries that are all manufactured in the U.S.A. and are distributed worldwide. For more information, contact U.S. Battery Manufacturing, 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit https://www.usbattery.com
U.S. Battery received an award of Excellence from Battery Watering Technologies, a leading manufacturer of battery watering systems, for outstanding commitment and performance to the company’s distributors. “We began doing business with U.S. Battery in January 2011,” says Julie Elliott, Marketing Manager at Battery Watering Technologies. “As our relationship has strengthened, we wanted to recognize U.S. Battery’s commitment to growing sales of the Battery Watering Technologies product line.”
Battery Watering Technologies is one of several accessory partners whose products are offered by U.S. Battery to promote proper lead-acid battery maintenance. “It’s important for us to not only be recognized as the leading deep cycle lead-acid battery on the market, but to also help customers get the most performance from their battery systems,” says Don Wallace, U.S. Battery CMO/ Executive VP, Sales and Marketing.
According to Elliot, BWT’s award of Excellence program reflects the characteristics of successful businesses that have achieved exceptional performance. “U.S. Battery has excellent leadership within its company, providing a clear entrepreneurial vision and strong direction for both their employees and vendors. This is especially important to BWT as we appreciate knowing what is expected to be a top tier vendor as we strive to surpass the expectations of the customer,” says Elliot.
U.S. Battery is the leading manufacturer of deep-cycle batteries that are all manufactured in the U.S.A. and distributed worldwide. For more information, contact U.S. Battery 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit www.usbattery.com.
Watering Systems Offered by U.S. Battery Manufacturing
U.S. Battery Manufacturing donated new Golf Car batteries to the Living Free Animal Sanctuary located in Mountain Center, California. The Living Free Animal Sanctuary is a nonprofit organization that is dedicated to saving the lives of cats and dogs that are orphaned, or would otherwise be euthanized. “Living Free expresses its deepest appreciation to U.S. Battery Manufacturing for its generous donation of batteries, which were in desperate need of replacement in all the electric vehicles at Living Free,” says Clay Helgren, Marketing Manager for Living Free.
The sanctuary has 153 acres in which several electric vehicles are used for transportation around the large facility. “Living Free relies heavily on its four and eight passenger vehicles to provide transportation for seniors and handicapped visitors, who would otherwise miss out on the exceptional tours of our rescue campus,” says Helgren. “Electric vehicles reduce Living Free’s fuel and vehicle expenses, while helping the environment by lessening its carbon footprint. With the help of U.S. Battery Manufacturing, Living Free is up and running at full power with its vehicles for many years to come.”
U.S. Battery donated its US2200 golf car batteries to help Living Free continue its day-to-day operations. Along with two tour vehicles, the organization also has others that are used for various routine chores and maintenance throughout the facility.
“Our donation of batteries for Living Free’s fleet of electric vehicles, is only a small token of appreciation for the sanctuary’s hard work and dedication to providing a humane solution to dog and cat overpopulation,” says Don Wallace, U.S. Battery CMO/Executive Vice President. “We wanted to make sure their electric vehicles would function at maximum capacity and allow Living Free to continue its care for abandoned and mistreated animals.”
The Living Free Animal Sanctuary was founded in 1980 by Emily Jo Beard, who purchased the property, dedicated her life to orphaned cats and dogs, and educates people to respect and value animals. For more information on Living Free Animal Sanctuary, or to make a donation, contact Living Free Animal Sanctuary, P.O. Box 5, 54250 Keen Camp Road, Mountain Center, CA 92561 (951) 659-4687. Visit them online at www.living-free.org.
U.S. Battery manufactures a variety of deep-cycle batteries that are manufactured in the U.S.A. and distributed world-wide. For more information, contact U.S. Battery 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit www.USBATTERY.com.
U.S. Battery, the leading manufacturer of flooded lead-acid batteries, received the Platinum On-Time Shipping Award from General Motors Customer Care and Aftersales. The award recognizes U.S. Battery’s outstanding and on-time shipping that consistently performed above GM’s expectations.
U.S. Battery’s three distribution plants, Corona, California, Augusta, Georgia, and Evans, Georgia, ship batteries to U.S. and international dealers on a daily basis. “There’s a reason why GM prefers to use U.S. Battery products over many others in the marketplace.” says Bill Glover, U.S. Battery Vice President of Sales. “This award recognizes our commitment to not only providing the best product, but also the kind of reliable service our customers depend on.”
U.S. Battery is a top tier supplier of batteries to General Motors and other OE manufactures across the world. The company also expanded its distribution plant in Augusta, Georgia this year, to meet growing demands for its products on the east coast and internationally. “As a U.S.A. based manufacturer, delivering our products on time is an important part of our business philosophy,” says Don Wallace, U.S. Battery CMO/ Executive VP, Sales and Marketing. “In 2013, we have managed to increase production, distribution, and provide additional jobs for our local economies. That alone is something to be proud of, and the GM Platinum Award is a great acknowledgment of that effort.”
U.S. Battery manufactures a variety of deep-cycle batteries that are all manufactured in the U.S.A. and are distributed worldwide. For more information, contact U.S. Battery 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit https://www.usbattery.com.
U.S. Battery held its international distributor conference at the Rio hotel and casino, November 17th and 18th in Las Vegas, Nevada. The conference allowed U.S. Battery sales, marketing, and engineering teams gain additional insight from a cross section of the company’s top distributors, and focus on the needs and expectations of customers. “The future growth of our respective businesses depends upon understanding our customers,” says Don Wallace U.S. Battery CMO/ Executive VP, Sales and Marketing. “U.S. Battery intends to drive further growth in a direction that will be most beneficial to all. We want to be responsive and responsible in our position as the leading supplier of deep cycle batteries in the world.”
The two-day conference consisted of a variety of speakers, presentations, and activities that kept attendees busy and entertained. Distributors were also able to sign up for one-on-one meetings with U.S. Battery staff to provide additional input and perspective from their individual market places. Images and announcements from the conference will be made available on U.S. Battery’s blog, website, Facebook page, and through its distributor network.
U.S. Battery manufactures a variety of deep-cycle batteries that are all manufactured in the U.S.A. and distributed world-wide. For more information, contact U.S. Battery 1675 Sampson Ave. Corona, CA 92879. (800) 695-0945. Visit www.usbattery.com.